From the manual, Purpose of Guide to Surveillance, Investigation, and Reporting:
"Infectious diseases are a continuing threat to all people, regardless of age, gender, lifestyle, ethnic background, or socioeconomic status. They cause illness, suffering and even death, and place an enormous financial burden on society. Although modern advances have controlled some infectious diseases, new ones are constantly emerging. State public health officials rely on local public health agencies, healthcare providers, laboratories and other public health personnel to report the occurrence of notifiable diseases. Without such data, trends cannot be accurately monitored, unusual occurrences of diseases (such as outbreaks) might not be detected or appropriately responded to, and the effectiveness of control and prevention activities cannot be evaluated."
To report a communicable disease with 24/7 availability Iowa Department of Public Health, Center for Acute Disease Epidemiology (CADE) Phone: 800-362-2736 or diseases can be reported through the following: Iowa Disease Surveillance System (IDSS).
To report Food Poisoning, please call 844-IOWA SIC. About 1 in 6 Americans gets food poisoning each year. About 128,000 Americans are hospitalized due to food poisoning each year.